An impacted tooth is a tooth that has not erupted (emerged fully into the oral cavity).
Partially surrounded by bone (partial bony impaction)
Only surrounded by soft gum tissue (a soft tissue impaction)
Traditionally, the term impacted teeth usually refer to the wisdom teeth (the third molars, the teeth furthest back in the mouth).
Many times if they appear to be causing no problems for the patient, they are left alone. If they are positioned in a fashion that they appear to be pushing up against the roots of the second molars (the next teeth forward) or if they are causing periodontal (gum) problems, they will need to be removed. While most general dentists are comfortable removing teeth, patients with impacted teeth are usually referred to a specialist (oral surgeon) for their removal.
The procedures done in the undergraduate clinic include extraction of teeth. These procedures require anesthesia. The anesthesia could be a local anesthesia, local anesthesia with oral premedication, and local anesthesia with intravenous sedation, general anesthesia with local anesthesia. (The following is a discussion of the risks and benefits) of extraction.
Extraction Of Teeth: The extraction of teeth is an irreversible procedure. Following extractions, teeth may shift and alter your bite. Therefore, prosthetic replacement is advisable. The possible alternative to extraction (if any may include root canal therapy, periodontics (gum treatment), crowns or fillings. Nevertheless, the following is information on the risks and benefits of these alternatives.
There are certain inherent and potential risks in any treatment plan or procedures; such operative risks include the following: